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Abstract - Measles Morbidity and Mortality Trend in Nigeria: A 10-Year Hospital-Based Retrospective Study in Lagos State, Nigeria
Akeeb Oriowo Bola Oyefolu, Olufunmilayo Gbonjubola Oyero, Azeez Adeyemi Anjorin, Olumuyiwa Babalola Salu, Kabir' Olusegun Akinyemi, Sunday Aremu Omilabu

Akeeb O. Bola Oyefolu1, Olufunmilayafo G. Oyero2, Azeez A. Anjorin1, Olumuyiwa B. Salu3,Kabir’ O. Akinyemi1, Sunday A. Omilabu

Akeeb O. Bola Oyefolu,

Department of Microbiology, Lagos State University (LASU),Badagry Expressway Ojo. PO Box 10210 LASU, Ojo, Lagos , Nigeria

Measles Morbidity and Mortality Trend in Nigeria: A 10-Year Hospital-Based Retrospective Study in Lagos State, Nigeria

ABSTRACT

Objective: This hospital-based retrospective cohort study was undertaken with a view to determine the epidemiological trend of measles in Lagos State, Nigeria

Methods: Medical records of clinically diagnosed measles patients from nine referral public hospitals in Lagos State between 1998 and 2007 were retrieved, transcribed and reviewed. Data were analyzed using standard methods.

Results: A total of 35,500 clinically confirmed cases and 835 deaths (case fatality rate = 2.35%/10 years) were recorded. The mean incidence was estimated at 19 cases per 100,000 population/year. A consistent seasonality pattern of measles was observed for the study period. The under-fives accounted for the highest reported cases (76.30%) while, the under-1 year recorded highest mortality (53.8%). Notable shift of measles vulnerability from under-1year to under-fives was observed. Al­though there was significant difference between cases and deaths among the age groups (p<0.05), no difference was observed in measles annual occurrences among the years under review and genders (p>0.05).

Conclusion: This study recorded high incidence and case fatality of measles, which poses serious public health threat. Poor demographic data collection and storage were revealed thus, computerization of medical records for collection, storage and retrieval of data is imperative for adequate planning and control of measles imperil in Nigeria. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2016;6(1): 12-18

Akeeb O. Bola Oyefolu, Department of Microbiology, Lagos State University (LASU),Badagry Expressway Ojo. PO Box 10210 LASU, Ojo, Lagos , Nigeria, Measles Morbidity and Mortality Trend in Nigeria: A 10-Year Hospital-Based Retrospective Study in Lagos State, Nigeria,

 Akeeb O. Bola Oyefolu, Department of Microbiology, Lagos State University (LASU),Badagry Expressway Ojo. PO Box 10210 LASU, Ojo, Lagos , Nigeria  J Microbiol Infect Dis 2016;6(1): 12-18 doi: 10.5799/ahinjs.02.2016.01.0207

Volume 06, Number 01 (2016)

Volume 06, Number 01 (2016)