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Abstract - Effect of chlorhexidine on oral airway biofilm formation of Staphylococcus epidermidis
Ünase Büyükkoçak, Canan Ağalar, Turgut Deniz, Sabahat Çeken, Fatih Ağalar

Sabahat Çeken,

Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Research and Training Hospital, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ankara, Turkey

Effect of chlorhexidine on oral airway biofilm formation of Staphylococcus epidermidis

ABSTRACT

Objective: Biofilm formation of microorganisms on the surface of airways may lead to supraglottic colonization that may cause lower respiratuar tract infections. Studies searching the efficiency of local disinfectants on biofilm formation are limited. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chlorhexidine coated airways on biofilm formation of Staphylococcus epidermidis.

Methods: Culture and electron microscopy methods were used for biofilm assessment. Airways were divided into two groups to investigate the effects of chlorhexidine on number of bacteria attached to the airway and biofilm formation. Group 1(control): naive material, S. epidermidis, Group 2: chlorhexidine coated material, S. epidermidis. No process was applied in Group 1. Chlorhexidine gluconate (0.2%) was sprayed on the surface of naive material for four seconds and then left to dry in air, in Group to. Number of bacteria attached to the airway were counted by microbiological methods and biofilm formation was shown by Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Mann-Whitney u test was performed for statistical analyses.

Results: In Group 2, bacteria numbers were 1x102-8x102 cfu/ml, whereas they were 3x103-1x104 cfu/ml in Group 1. Chlorhexidine decreased number of microorganisms attached to the airways with statistical significance (p=0.04). The results of the electron microscopic evaluation were in accordance with the bacteriological findings.

Conclusion: This study has shown that chlorhexidine coating can successfully reduce the number of adhered bacteria and biofilm formation on airways. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2015;5(4): 162-166

Sabahat Çeken, Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Research and Training Hospital, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ankara, Turkey,  Effect of chlorhexidine on oral airway biofilm formation of Staphylococcus epidermidis,  Sabahat Çeken, Dr Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Oncology Research and Training Hospital, Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology, Ankara, Turkey J Microbiol Infect Dis 2015;5(4): 162-166 doi: 10.5799/ahinjs.02.2015.04.0198

Volume 05, Number 04 (2015)

Volume 05, Number 04 (2015)