eISSN : 2146-9369
Creative Commons Lisansı
Journal of Clinical and Experimental Investigations is licenced under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) License.
Abstract - Seroprevalence of Leptospira antibodies among populations at risk
Abdul-Baki Abdullah Al-Robasi, Wedaad Dawood Rohaim, Dheya Abdulhafeed Al-Danani

Seroprevalence of Leptospira antibodies among populations at risk

Abdul-Baki Abdullah Al-Robasi, Wedaad Dawood Rohaim, Dheya Abdulhafeed Al-Danani

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Medical Microbiology, Sana’a City, Yemen

ABSTRACT
Objective: This study was performed to assess the Leptospira IgG antibodies seroprevalence among populations at risk in Hodeida Governorate, Yemen.
Methods: A total of 200 subjects (136 males and 64 females) participated in this study during June and December 2012.They represented 10 sewage workers, 22 butchers, 16 construction workers, 108 agriculture workers, 20 hospital sanitary workers and 24 blood donors. Predesigned questionnaires and consent were taken from each individual. Blood samples were collected from subjects, and the sera were tested by ELISA to detect the presence of leptospira IgG antibodies. The possible related factors for seropositivity were evaluated.
Results: Leptospira IgG antibodies were found positive in 42% of the participants. The highest seroprevalence level was detected in sewage workers (80%), followed by hospital sanitary workers (60%), construction workers (37.5%) and farmers (37%). The lowest of antibodies was in butchers (36.4%). Seroprevalence among blood donors was 25% which was comparatively less than of the populations at risk. Seropositivity of Leptospira IgG antibodies was found higher among males than females (42.6% vs. 34.4%). The highest Leptospira antibodies seropositivity was among elderly participants (81.8%). The seropositivity of antibodies in population live in rural and urban areas was not significant differences. As for closely contacting with animals, the highest antibodies were discovered in people who had goats (80%) and sheep (60.9%).
Conclusion: Individuals engaged in risk activities are often exposed to leptospiral infection. Therefore, control and prevention policy toward these people are necessary. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2015;5(1): 1-4

Abdul-Baki Abdullah Al-Robasi, Wedaad Dawood Rohaim, Dheya Abdulhafeed Al-Danani Seroprevalence of Leptospira antibodies among populations at risk Abdul-Baki Abdullah Al-Robasi, Wedaad Dawood Rohaim, Dheya Abdulhafeed Al-Danani Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Medical Microbiology, Sana’a City, YemenJ Microbiol Infect Dis 2015; 5(1): 1-4 doi: 10.5799/ahinjs.02.2015.01.0165

Volume 05, Number 01 (2015)