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Abstract - Correlates of adherence and utilization of Isoniazid preventive therapy in HIV patients
Yitagesu Getachew Ejegu, Wubegzier Mekonnen Ayele

 Yitagesu Getachew, Wubegzier Mekonnen

Correlates of adherence and utilization of Isoniazid preventive therapy in HIV patients

Yitagesu Getachew, Wubegzier Mekonnen

Yekatit 12 Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

ABSTRACT

 Objective: Isoniazid (INH) is given to individuals with latent infection of tuberculosis in order to prevent progression to active disease. It is important to understand factors associated with non-adherence to prophylactic Isoniazid. This study aimed to identify correlates of adherence and utilization of Isoniazid in HIV positive patients and to explore the opinions of patients and health care providers.

Methods: Participants eligible for the study were 403 randomly selected HIV positive individuals taking INH on follow up in Yekatit 12 hospital. Adherence was measured by self-report of INH tablets taken for past 3, 7 and 30 days. In depth interview was also conducted on recruited patients and health professionals.

Results: Adherence to INH was 94% for last 7 days. INH related common side effects were reported by 142 participants (35.2%) and only 53 (13.2%) discontinued. The odds of adherence was 104, 7.7 and 34.8 [95% Confidence Interval (18.7, 582.6), (2.6, 22.9) and (4.4, 272.6)] times higher among those patients who did not have jaundice, skin rash and seizure compared to those who developed, respectively.

Conclusion: The prevalence of adherence to INH in Yekatit 12 hospital was better than other local and African studies and the reasons for poor adherence was strongly associated with occurrence of jaundice, skin rash and seizure. Com­prehensive care and support, sustainable drug supply and evaluation of side effects are recommended. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2015;5(2): 45-50

Yitagesu Getachew, Wubegzier Mekonnen

Correlates of adherence and utilization of Isoniazid preventive therapy in HIV patients

Yitagesu Getachew, Wubegzier Mekonnen,m, Yekatit 12 Hospital, Addis Ababa, EthiopiJ Microbiol Infect Dis 2015; 5(2): 45-50 doi: 10.5799/ahinjs.02.2015.02.0175

Volume 05, Number 02 (2015)

Volume 05, Number 02 (2015)