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Abstract - Hantavirus Infection in Turkey
Gülay Okay

Hantavirus Infection in Turkey
Gülay Okay
ABSTRACT
The Hantaviruses within the Bunyaviridia family carried by rodents cause two different diseases in humans: Hemorrhagic Fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) and Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS). It is transmitted through contact with the secretion of infected rodents or through the inhalation of aerosols containing the virus. In different parts of the world, various virus subtypes cause the disease. In HPS, mostly Sin Nombre, Andes, Laguna, Negra and New York types are causative agents, whereas in HFRS the agents are Dobrava, Puumala, Hantaan, Saaremaa and Seoul. It is more frequently observed in forest areas receiving heavy rain and having a large rodent population. While HPS is seen in America, HFRS is mostly seen in Asia and Europe. The number of Hantavirus infections have been on the rise in the world day by day. Clinic cases associated with Hantavirus known to exist by seroepidemiological trials conducted in Turkey were defined for the first time in 2009 with an outbreak occurred in the north-west region of the country. The number of cases reported so far has reached 28. Here, it is aimed to review the Hantavirus cases occurred in Turkey up to the present and increase awareness about the disease. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2014; Special Issue 1: S50-S53
Key words: Hemorrhagic Fever with renal syndrome, HFRS, Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome, HPS, Emerging infectious diseases, Turkey

Volume 04, Number S (2014)