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Abstract - Preseptal and Orbital Cellulitis
Emine Kalkan Akçay, Gamze Dereli Can, Nurullah Cagil

Preseptal and orbital cellulitis

Emine Akçay, Gamze Dereli Can, Nurullah Çağıl

Yıldırım Beyazıt Univ. Medical Faculty Atatürk Training and Research Hospital Dept. of Ophthalmology, Ankara, Turkey

ABSTRACT

Preseptal cellulitis (PC) is defined as an inflammation of the eyelid and surrounding skin, whereas orbital cellulitis (OC) is an inflammation of the posterior septum of the eyelid affecting the orbit and its contents. Periorbital tissues may become infected as a result of trauma (including insect bites) or primary bacteremia. Orbital cellulitis generally occurs as a complication of sinusitis. The most commonly isolated organisms are Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae, S. epidermidis, Haempphilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and S. pyogenes. The method for the diagnosis of OS and PS is computed tomography. Using effective antibiotics is a mainstay for the treatment of PC and OC. There is an agreement that surgical drainage should be performed in cases of complete ophthalmoplegia or significant visual impairment or large abscesses formation.

This infections are also at a greater risk of acute visual loss, cavernous sinus thrombosis, meningitis, cerebritis, endophthalmitis, and brain abscess in children. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are crucial to control the infection. Diagnosis, treatment, management and complications of PC and OC are summarized in this manuscript. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2014; 4(3): 

Volume 04, Number 03 (2014)