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Abstract - Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among secondary school students at Duhok City-Iraq
Ary Habeeb, Nawfal Rasheed Hussein, Mahde Saleh Assafi, Samim A. Al-Dabbagh

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus nasal colonization among secondary school students at Duhok City-Iraq
Ary Habeeb, Nawfal R. Hussein, Mahde S. Assafi, Samim A. Al-Dabbagh


ABSTRACT
Objective: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) widely distributed in hospitals around the world. There is strong relationship between disease development and S. aureus nasal carriage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and epidemiology of nasal colonization with S. aureus and MRSA in the community of Duhok city, Iraq.
Methods: 489 students aged 16 to18 years were included. Nasal swab samples were collected followed by antimicrobial susceptibility test. MRSA isolates were selected and investigated for the mecA gene. Also the prevalence of Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) gene was also studied.
Results: A total of 90 (18.4%) out of 489 (18.4%) of the students were found to be colonized by S. aureus. Only 10 (2.04%) of the students were found to be MRSA carrier. All MRSA isolates were sensitive to Vancomycin. PLV gene was detected in one MRSA strain.
Conclusion: This is the first study investigating S. aureus colonization in students in the Duhok city. Nasal carriage of S. aureus and MRSA is comparable with reports from elsewhere. Fortunately, all trains included in our study were sensitive to vancomycin. Further research is needed to examine the SCCmec elements and the evolution of MRSA over the time. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2014;4(2): 59-63 doi: 10.5799/ahinjs.02.2014.02.0128
Key words: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus, community acquired-MRSA, Vancomycin, Iraq
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Volume 04, Number 02 (2014)