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Abstract - Frequency of Rotavirus and Enteric Adenoviruses among children with acute gastroenteritis in a district hospital
Türkan Toka Özer, Erkan Yula, Özcan Deveci, Alicem Tekin, Süleyman Durmaz, Mustafa Gülenç, Keramettin Yanık

Frequency of Rotavirus and Enteric Adenoviruses among children with acute gastroenteritis in a district hospital

Türkan Toka Özer1, Erkan Yula1, Özcan Deveci2, Alicem Tekin3, Süleyman Durmaz4, Mustafa Gülenç5, Keramettin Yanık6

1Kiziltepe General Hospital, Microbiology Laboratory, Mardin, Turkey

2Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Infectious Diseases, Diyarbakir, Turkey

3Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Microbiology, Diyarbakir, Turkey

4Erciyes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Microbiology, Kayseri, Turkey

5Caycuma General Hospital, Department of Infectious Diseases, Zonguldak, Turkey

6Amasya General Hospital, Microbiology Laboratory, Amasya, Turkey

ABSTRACT

Objective: Rotavirus and Enteric Adenoviruses (EA) are most important viral enteric agents which cause acute infectious gastroenteritis. Little is known about the epidemiology of Rotavirus and EA gastroenteritis in our city. In this study, it was purposed to determine of the frequency of Rotavirus, EA, and to detect of the seasonal distribution among pediatric patients with acute gastroenteritis in Kiziltepe General Hospital, Mardin-Turkey.

Materials and methods: The records of acute infectious gastroenteritis cases caused by Rotavirus and EA were reviewed retrospectively. In a total of 426 pediatric patients admitted between May 2010 and March 2011 were diagnosed as acute gastroenteritis. Rotavirus and EA antigens were examined in the fresh stool specimens with immunochromatographic assay method by a commercial rapid diagnostic kit (RIDA, QuickRota-Adeno-CombiR-Biopharm AG, Germany).

Results: A total of 426 pediatric patients with acute gastroenteritis were followed during the study between May 2010 and March 2011. The eight (1.9%) stool samples were favorable for EA, 40 (9.4%) stool samples were favorable for Rotavirus and in ten (2.3%) stool samples were favorable with both Rrotavirus and EA. The high-positivity-rates were detected on average of 24.7% for Rotavirus between October 2010 and January 2011. The high-positivity-rates of EA were determined on average of 8.4% between October and November 2010, and on average 7.9% between May and August 2010. Viral antigen-positive cases were observed in autumn and winter months with most common 0-2 month age-group.

Conclusion: Rotavirus is foremost viral enteric agent among children with acute infectious gastroenteritis. The antigens of Rotavirus and EA should be performed regularly in fresh fecal samples among children ≤5 years of age, especially in the autumn and winter months. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2011; 1(2):64-67.

Volume 01, Number 02 (2011)