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Abstract - Evaluation of diagnostic tests for visceral leishmaniasis in Iran: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Assad Mirzaei, azar najafi, Entezar Abbasi Somar, Kourosh Sayehmiri, Hamidreza Majidiani

Evaluation of Diagnostic Tests for Visceral Leishmaniasis in Iran: A Meta-Analysis

Azar Najafi1,2, Entezar Abbasi Somar1,2, Kourosh Sayehmiri3, Hamidreza Majidiani4, Asad Mirzaei2

1Department of Medical Parasitology, Paramedical Faculty, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

2Student Research Committee, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

3Department of Biostatistics, Psychosocial injuries Research center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran

4Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran



Objective: There exist various diagnostic tests to detect visceral leishmaniasis, but the most efficient ones have not been demonstrated yet. Herein, we evaluated the accuracy of these diagnostic tests in Iran.

Methodology: English and Persian database searching was done from 1993 to 2016. According to heterogeneity of the studies, estimations of the study were pooled by random-effects model. Totally, twenty investigations were eligible for current review with 2115 patients as pooled sample size.

Results: The overall pooled estimate of sensitivity and specificity for all diagnostic tests were 0.92 ([95% CI = 0.90–0.95]) and 0.92 ([95% CI = 0.89–0.94]), respectively. Also, the separate sensitivity and specificity of each test were as follow: PCR: 1.00 ([95% CI = 0.99–1.01]) and 0.37 ([95% CI = 0.25–0.49]); DAT: 0.93 ([95% CI = 0.89–0.96]) and 0.92 ([95% CI = 0.89–0.94]); ELISA: 0.78 ([95% CI = 0.47–1.09]) and 1.00 ([95% CI = 0.99–1.01]) as well as IFA: 0.50 ([95% CI = 0.29–0.72]) and 0.96 ([95% CI = 0.95–0.97]).

Conclusions: The specificity and sensitivity of PCR and DAT as molecular and serological tests, respectively, are remarkable to detect visceral leishmaniasis; hence, it is highly recommended to simultaneously employ these diagnostic tests for this widespread infection. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2019; 9(1): 16-22.

Keywords: Visceral Leishmaniasis, sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic tests, L. infantum, Iran

Volume 09, Number 01 (2019)